Eastern part of North America consists of three main mountain systems: Arctic Cordillera, Canadian Shield And Appalacchian mountain system of (N)E US. Generally the peaks are far lower and less striking than the peaks in the western part of the continent. Parts of Arctic Cordillera, most notably Baffin island, is significant exception as the peaks there are very dramatic and many feature big walls. While Arctic Cordillera is among the most remote part of N-A, part of Canadian Shield and Appalachian mountain system is located close to most densely populated areas of the continent, and therefore some areas are among the busiest and most explored. Best known climbing peaks are Mount Washington in New Hampshire and Mount Katahdin in Maine. Generally though, Northeast is better known for abundance of technical routes on smaller cliffs such as Cathedral and Whitehorse Ledges, Cannon Cliff and Adirondacks, both during the summer and winter. Most spectacular ice of Northeast is probably found in Quebec though, where 200m+m WI5's and 6's are not vary rare.

  • Arctic Cordillera Arctic Cordillera covers northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula. The range is not too far from western Greenland. By far the best known part of the range is Baffin Island and in particular its Auyuittuq National Park. The park has several peaks with huge rock walls of big wall proportions. Here Mount Asgaard (2011m) is likely the best known destination.
  • Canadian Shield
  • Northeast US & Canada As far as mountains go, eastern part of North America is nowhere near as interesting as western part. Biggest mountain chain is Appalachian range, which is much lower (highest peaks under 2000m) and much less steep as, say, Rockies. Best known climbing peaks are Mount Washington in New Hampshire and Mount Katahdin in Maine. Generally though, Northeast is not known for general mountaineering. That being said there's abundance of technical routes on smaller cliffs, both during the summer and winter. During the summer places like Cathedral and Whitehorse Ledges and Cannon Cliff (New Hampshire), Adirondacks and stunning sea cliff routes at Maine's Acadia National Park are probably the most famous rock venues. During the winter many of the same places as well as Mount Washington and Katahdin all feature ice climbing. Most spectacular ice of Northeast is probably found in Quebec though, where 200m+m WI5's and 6's are not vary rare.

Arctic Cordillera

Arctic Cordillera covers northeastern flank of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago from Ellesmere Island to the northeasternmost part of the Labrador Peninsula. The range is not too far from western Greenland. By far the best known part of the range is Baffin Island and in particular its Auyuittuq National Park. The park has several peaks with huge rock walls of big wall proportions. Here Mount Asgaard (2011m) is likely the best known destination.

  • Queen Elizabeth Islands Northernmost part of Arctic Cordillera. The area consists of several islands located very close to NW Greenland and to the north of Baffin Island. Large Ellesmere Island is the most mountainous of the islands, with several peaks around 2500m high, higher than anything in far more famous Baffin island. The highest peaks of Ellesmere island, and the entire Arctic Cordillera, is Barbeau Peak (2616m).
  • South Canadian Arctic Islands Group of islands located to the east of Baffin island and south if Queen Elizabeth Islands. The islands are not really part of Arctic Cordillera and don't have any real mountains.
  • Baffin Island Baffin Island in located on the NE part of Canada, not very far from West coast of Greenland. While they could be considered a single mountain range as they are separated by bodies of water to make Baffin Island, this is not true, as they are closely related to the other mountain ranges that make the much larger Arctic Cordillera mountain range.

Baffin Island

Baffin Island in located on the NE part of Canada, not very far from West coast of Greenland. While they could be considered a single mountain range as they are separated by bodies of water to make Baffin Island, this is not true, as they are closely related to the other mountain ranges that make the much larger Arctic Cordillera mountain range.

The ice-capped mountains are some of the highest peaks of eastern North America, reaching a height of 2146 metres above sea level (Mount Odin). Many of the peaks have huge vertical rock walls of big wall proportions. The biggest vertical faces are probably West face of Mount Thor, Mount Asgard, north face of Polar Sun Spire and several faces along Sam Ford fjord (such as Walker Citadel, Kiguti Peak and Great Sail Peak), all rising 1000m or more. By far the most famous peak of Baffin is Mount Asgaard (2011m).

The area is remote with complicated access and cold climate keep the number of people visiting the area quite low. Pangnirtung is the closest settlement to peaks of Auyuittuq National Park. Early July-mid August is considered to be the best climbing season.

  • Synnott, Mark: Baffin Island, 1 Edition edition. Isbn: 9781894765985. Rocky Mountain Books, 2008.
  • Lee, Alastair: Baffin Island - The Ascent of Mount Asgard, 1 Edition edition. Isbn: 9780711232211. Frances Lincoln, 2011.

Northeast US & Canada

As far as mountains go, eastern part of North America is nowhere near as interesting as western part. Biggest mountain chain is Appalachian range, which is much lower (highest peaks under 2000m) and much less steep as, say, Rockies. Best known climbing peaks are Mount Washington in New Hampshire and Mount Katahdin in Maine. Generally though, Northeast is not known for general mountaineering. That being said there's abundance of technical routes on smaller cliffs, both during the summer and winter. During the summer places like Cathedral and Whitehorse Ledges and Cannon Cliff (New Hampshire), Adirondacks and stunning sea cliff routes at Maine's Acadia National Park are probably the most famous rock venues. During the winter many of the same places as well as Mount Washington and Katahdin all feature ice climbing. Most spectacular ice of Northeast is probably found in Quebec though, where 200m+m WI5's and 6's are not vary rare.

  • Canadian Shield The most interesting part of huge Canadian Shield is Quebec, not very far from Appalchian ranges if New England. Canadian side doesn't really have internationally famous mountains or rock climbing venues, but winter is a different story. The area has lots if winter ice such as remote climbs of the Jacques-Cartier Valley, hard mixed trad lines of the Gros-Bras or famous Pomme d`or in Charlevoix, the free-standing pillars of Gaspésie, the road side multi-pitch of the Saguenay area or the rarely visited ultra-classics of the Côte-Nord area.
  • Canadian Appalachians
  • Northern U.S. Appalachians Despite the moderate altitude, NE US Appalachians have some famous climbing destinations, such as Mount Washington and Mount Katahdin. Due to modest altitude of even the highest peaks, most of the climbing is of crag nature. Cathedral and Whitehorse Ledges in New Hampshire, New England's biggest rock face of Cannon Cliff (New Hampshire), Adirondacks and stunning sea cliff routes at Maine's Acadia National Park are probably the most famous rock venues. During the winter many of the same places as well as Mount Washington and Katahdin all feature ice climbing.
  • Appalachian Plateaus
  • Appalachian Ridges
  • Blue Ridge Mountains Blue Ridge mountains is the highest part of Appalachian Range culminating at Mount Mitchell (2037m).
  • Piedmont-Southeast Coast
  • Wilcox, Rick: An Ice Climber's Guide to Northern New England. Isbn: 9781886064102. Huntington Graphics, 1997.
  • Lewis, S. Peter & Horowitz, Dave: Selected Climbs in the Northeast - Rock, Alpine, and Ice Routes from the Gunks to Acadia, 1st edition. Isbn: 9780898868579. Mountaineers Books, 2003.
  • Green, Stewart M.: Rock Climbing New England - A Guide to More Than 900 Routes (Regional Rock Climbing Series), Second Edition Edition edition. Isbn: 9780762790067. Falcon Guides, 2015.
  • Swain, Todd: Gunks Guide (Regional Rock Climbing Series), Revised Edition edition. Isbn: 9780762738366. Falcon Guides, 2004.
  • Lawyer, Jim & Haas, Jeremy: Adirondack Rock - A Rock Climber's Guide. Isbn: 9780981470207. Lawyer/Haas, 2008.
  • Sykes, Jon: Secrets of the Notch - A Guide to Rock & Ice Climbing on Cannon Cliff and the Crags of Franconia Notch. Isbn: 9781886064133. Huntington Graphics, 2001.

Canadian Shield

The most interesting part of huge Canadian Shield is Quebec, not very far from Appalchian ranges if New England. Canadian side doesn't really have internationally famous mountains or rock climbing venues, but winter is a different story. The area has lots if winter ice such as remote climbs of the Jacques-Cartier Valley, hard mixed trad lines of the Gros-Bras or famous Pomme d`or in Charlevoix, the free-standing pillars of Gaspésie, the road side multi-pitch of the Saguenay area or the rarely visited ultra-classics of the Côte-Nord area.

Northern U.S. Appalachians

Despite the moderate altitude, NE US Appalachians have some famous climbing destinations, such as Mount Washington and Mount Katahdin. Due to modest altitude of even the highest peaks, most of the climbing is of crag nature. Cathedral and Whitehorse Ledges in New Hampshire, New England's biggest rock face of Cannon Cliff (New Hampshire), Adirondacks and stunning sea cliff routes at Maine's Acadia National Park are probably the most famous rock venues. During the winter many of the same places as well as Mount Washington and Katahdin all feature ice climbing.

  • New England Upland
  • Longfellow Mountains Mount Katahdin (1606m) located in the Baxter State Park is the highest peak in Maine and most popular alpine climbing destination of the area. It has both alpine rock routes and winter snow and ice climbs. Besides Katahdin, Acadia National Park has host of climbs on dramatic sea cliffs.
  • Adirondacks Strictly speaking Adirondacks are part of Canadian Shield, not Appalachians. The range is very old and not very high. However, it is one of the better known climbing areas in the northeast. Adirondacks does not really have a single world-famous crag; instead there are well over 250 climbing areas. All of which deal a very unique experience from the next. Areas such as Keene Valley and the Cascade Lakes Region offer the largest variety of climbing. During the winter Adirondacks is one of the better venues for ice and mixed climbing in the northeast.
  • Taconic Range
  • Green Mountains Green Mountains together with Berkshires located further south form a narrow north-South range that rises between Adirondacks and Taconic Range in the west and White Mountains in the east.
  • White Mountains Mount Washington valley in New Hampshire is very popular climbing area. Huntington ravine is very popular both in summer and winter. Besides the Mount Washington itself, the valley has host of other attractions. South of Mount Washington are some of the finest rock climbing spots in the northeast. Just outside of North Conway are Whitehorse and Cathedral ledges, both have many popular climbing routes of varying degrees of difficulty. Frankenstein Cliff on the other hand has very popular waterfall ice climbs.
  • Mid-Atlantic Highlands

Longfellow Mountains

Mount Katahdin (1606m) located in the Baxter State Park is the highest peak in Maine and most popular alpine climbing destination of the area. It has both alpine rock routes and winter snow and ice climbs. Besides Katahdin, Acadia National Park has host of climbs on dramatic sea cliffs.

White Mountains

Mount Washington valley in New Hampshire is very popular climbing area. Huntington ravine is very popular both in summer and winter. Besides the Mount Washington itself, the valley has host of other attractions. South of Mount Washington are some of the finest rock climbing spots in the northeast. Just outside of North Conway are Whitehorse and Cathedral ledges, both have many popular climbing routes of varying degrees of difficulty. Frankenstein Cliff on the other hand has very popular waterfall ice climbs.

Adirondacks

Strictly speaking Adirondacks are part of Canadian Shield, not Appalachians. The range is very old and not very high. However, it is one of the better known climbing areas in the northeast. Adirondacks does not really have a single world-famous crag; instead there are well over 250 climbing areas. All of which deal a very unique experience from the next. Areas such as Keene Valley and the Cascade Lakes Region offer the largest variety of climbing. During the winter Adirondacks is one of the better venues for ice and mixed climbing in the northeast.