This is a panoramic view of the "Cirque de Gavarnie". Source: . Credit: Bobleponge31 .
This is a panoramic view of the "Cirque de Gavarnie". Source: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Cirque_Gavarnie_Pano.jpg. Credit: Bobleponge31 .

About Iberian Peninsula

Iberian Peninsula is home to several mountain ranges, in fact most of the peninsula is covered by mountains of some type. The most famous range is likely Pyrenees forming the border between Spain and France. However, the highest peaks of the range are to be found in far south at Sierra Nevada of Cordillera Penibética where Mulhacén rises to 3478m. The wildest peaks of the peninsula ar to be found in somewhat lower Cordillera Cordillera Cantábrica where peaks of Picos de Europe are steep and rugged. Perhaps the most stunning alpine climbing objective is Picu Urriellu (Naranjo de Bulnes, 2529m) is found here together with many other stunning peaks.

  • Cordillera Cantábrica Cordillera Cantábrica is a major mountain system in NW Spain, to the west of Pyrenees. The highest and best known part of the range is Picos de Europe where peaks are around 2500m high and some of them very steep and rugged. The best known climbing peak is Picu Urriellu aka Naranjo de Bulnes (2519m). There is some variation whether Galician Massif is northwest, Mountains of León in SW and Basque mountains in the east are considered part of Cordillera Cordillera Cantábrica or separate massifs. Correspondingly the structure of the range varies as well.
  • Pyrenees Pyrenees run from west to east along the border between Spain and France. There are 212 summits that rise above 3000m, with Pico de Aneto (3404m) being the highest. Generally northern (French) side is considerably steeper than southern (Spanish) side.
  • Sistema Central Mountain ranges located in Central Spain, not very far from Madrid. The ranges rise from the high plateau of La Meseta and do not form a particularly uniform range, rather it is a collection of small separate ranges.
  • Sistema Ibérico System of ranges located in NE Spain, to the south of Pyrenees and east of Sistema Central. Eastern part of Sistema Central joins Sistema Ibérico.
  • Cordillera Penibética The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range in the region of Andalucia of southern Spain, provinces of Granada and Almería. It contains the highest point of continental Spain, Mulhacén at 3478m above sea level. It is a popular tourist destination, as its high peaks make skiing possible in one of Europe's most southerly ski resorts, in an area along the Mediterranean Sea predominantly known for its warm temperatures and abundant sunshine. At its foothills is found the city of Granada and, a little further, Almería and Málaga.
  • Main mountain ranges of Iberian peninsula

Areas

Cordillera Cantábrica

El Urriellu desde el Pozo de la Oración. Source: . Credit: Juan lacruz .
El Urriellu desde el Pozo de la Oración. Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Urriellu_Pozo_Oracion.jpg. Credit: Juan lacruz .

Cordillera Cantábrica is a major mountain system in NW Spain, to the west of Pyrenees. The highest and best known part of the range is Picos de Europe where peaks are around 2500m high and some of them very steep and rugged. The best known climbing peak is Picu Urriellu aka Naranjo de Bulnes (2519m). There is some variation whether Galician Massif is northwest, Mountains of León in SW and Basque mountains in the east are considered part of Cordillera Cordillera Cantábrica or separate massifs. Correspondingly the structure of the range varies as well.

  • Macizo Galaico-Leonés Galician Massif is the westernmost part of Cordillera Cantábrica. It is sometimes considered separate range and lies to the west and south of Cordillera Cantábrica main chain.
    • Galician Massif
      • Coastal ranges
      • Galician Dorsal Range
        • Mazico Central Qurensán
      • Southwestern ranges Group name is misleading as this is the easternmost part of Galician Massif (but to the west of Montes de León and SW of Asturian Massif).
        • Serra do Courel
        • Serra do Eixe
    • Montes de León Mountains of León
  • Asturian Massif Western part of Cordillera Cantábrica proper. Most of the highest peaks of Cordillera Cantábrica are located in Picos de Europa at the eastern end of Asturian Massif. Besides the highest, the range is also by far the most famous with some of the peaks being very aesthetic. Particularly famous is The best known climbing peak is Picu Urriellu aka Naranjo de Bulnes (2519m). Macizo de Ubiña is another group where high peaks can be found.
  • Montañas de Cantabria Ranges located to the east of Picos de Europa. The highest peaks of the range are to located on Fuentes Carrionas Massif, not far from the eastern groups of Picos de Europa.
    • Fuentes Carrionas Massif
    • Sierra de Peña Sagra
    • Sierra de Híjar
    • Sierra de Valnera Eastern group of located south of the city of Santander. The highest peak of the range, Castro Valnera (1718m), is the main peak of the eastern Montañas de Cantabria.
  • Basque Mountains Easternmost part of Cordillera Cantábrica, located between Montañas de Cantabria in the west and Pyrenees in the east.
    • Inner ranges
    • Coastal ranges
  • Adrados, Miguel Angel: Cordillera Cantabrica Escaladas Selectas De Los Picos De Europa Al Valle De Teverga. Isbn: 9788460553182. Adrados Ediciones, ES, 1996.
  • Patterson, Richard: Roca Verde - Sport Climbing in North-West Spain: Asturias, Cantabria & Leon, 2nd Revised Edition Edition edition. Isbn: 9780992887421. Roca Verde, 2016.
  • Boza, Alberto: Sport Climbing in Cordillera Cantabrica. Isbn: 9788461704415. Ediciones Cordillera Cantabrica, 2014.
  • Adrados, Miguel Angel: Cordillera Cantábrica. Escaladas Selectas En Hielo Y Nieve. - 195 Vías De Los Picos De Europa a Los Ancares, 1 edition. Isbn: 9788493317744. Adrados Ediciones, 2011.
  • LAMOILE, CARLOS: Corredores invernales en Cordillera Cantábrica y Picos de Europa. Isbn: 9788498293401. Desnivel Ediciones, 1900.
  • ATELA, DAVID: Cordillera Cantabrica - Central Y Occidental. Isbn: 9788498291926. Desnivel.

Asturian Massif

Western part of Cordillera Cantábrica proper. Most of the highest peaks of Cordillera Cantábrica are located in Picos de Europa at the eastern end of Asturian Massif. Besides the highest, the range is also by far the most famous with some of the peaks being very aesthetic. Particularly famous is The best known climbing peak is Picu Urriellu aka Naranjo de Bulnes (2519m). Macizo de Ubiña is another group where high peaks can be found.

  • Sierra dos Ancares Serra dos Ancares (Sierra de los Ancares, Sierra de Ancares). The highest peak of the range is Cuiña (1987m).
  • Macizo de Ubiña Besides Picos de Europa, Macizo de Ubiña is another group where high peaks can be found. The range is located NW of León. The highest peak is Picos del Fontán (2414m).
  • Sierra de Covadonga West of the Picos de Europa.
  • Sierra de Dobros North of the Picos de Europa.
  • Picos de Europa The highest and wildest part of Asturian Massif. Many peaks on the Picos require climbing even on the easiest routes. Most of the high peaks are located in central Urrieles Massif which is also the most visited part of Picos. Particularly famous is The best known climbing peak is Picu Urriellu aka Naranjo de Bulnes (2519m).
    • Sierra Nedrina Lower group located north of the higher groups of Cornión, Urrieles and Ándara.
    • Cornión Massif Western part of Picos de Europa. The highest and most famous peak of the group is Peña Santa de Castilla (Torre Santa, 2596m).
    • Urrieles Massif Central massif of Picos de Europa with most of the high and famous peaks.
    • Ándara Massif Easternmots of the high groups of Picos de Europa. Highest peak is Morra de Lechugales (2444m).
  • Collomb, Robin G.: Picos De Europa - Northern Spain. Isbn: 9780906227237. West Col Productions, 1983.
  • Angel, Miguel & Crespo, Garcia: Picos De Europa, 100 Vías De Escalada. Isbn: 9788496192973. Ediciones Desnivel, 2005.
  • Andrados, Miguel Angel: Los Picos De Europa (Spanish Edition). Isbn: 9788440427083. Ediciones Adrados, 2004.
  • Boza, Alberto: Free Climbing in Picu Urriellu. Isbn: 9788494339929. Ediciones Cordillera Cantabrica, 2015.
  • Adrados, Miguel Ángel: Picos De Europa. Ascensiones a Las Cumbres Principales Y Travesías Selectas, 4 edition. Isbn: 9788493317720. Adrados Ediciones, 2010.
  • Martínez, Carlos Lamoile: Escaladas fáciles en los Picos de Europa. Isbn: 9788498293357. Ediciones Desnivel, 2015.
  • LAMOILE, CARLOS: Picos De Europa - Escaladas Faciles. Isbn: 9788498292725. Desnivel, 2013.
  • Atelaa, David: Los Urrieles - Macizo central de los Picos de Europa. Isbn: 9788498292282. Desnivel, 2011.

Pyrenees

Pyrenees run from west to east along the border between Spain and France. There are 212 summits that rise above 3000m, with Pico de Aneto (3404m) being the highest. Generally northern (French) side is considerably steeper than southern (Spanish) side.

Pyrenees is often divided into three sections, West, Central and Eastern. Furthermore, lower Prepirineau chain runs on the south side of the main chain. The groupings are not very well established, particularly where exactly lies the border between Central and Eastern parts. Furthermore, subdivisions are particularly non-established. SummitPost has a subdivision where group divisions often run on national border. This is not particularly meaningfulöl as it divides natural mountain groups. even single mountaisn to many groups based on political borders.

  • Western Pyrenees Western Pyrenees are generally lower than the central part with peaks becoming higher towards the Central Pyrenees. Here the valleys of Hecho and Canfranc offer access to some stunning peaks. Most famous peak is likely Pic du Midi d’Ossau (2886m).
    • Bidasoa-Baztan
    • Roncesvalles-Irati
    • Belagua-Hecho
    • Béarn
    • Canfranc
  • Central Pyrenees The mountaineer's paradise lies in Central Pyrenees, between the valleys of Tena and Benasque. Here the most important climbing areas of Madaleta and Vignemale massifs and amphitheatre of Cirque de Gavarnie. There are many fine mountaineering routes and an abundance of rock climbing within the area.
  • Eastern Pyrenees
    • Aran-Aigüestortes
      • Besiberri - Comaloforno
    • Ariège
    • Pallars-Pica d'Estats
    • Andorra
    • Cerdanya
    • Núria-Puigmal
    • Eastern Pyrenees
  • Prepirineu Lower range located to the south of the main chain running entire width of the range.
    • Prepirineo Navarro
    • Bardenas Reales
    • Prepirineos Aragoneses
    • Catalan Prepirineu

During the summer the weather is stable and especially on the Spanish side, hot. There are only few small glaciers and permanent snow fields in the range. However, during the winter there are several snow and both alpine ice and waterfall ice climbing. Especially cirque de Gavernie has host of high quality waterfall ice and mixed climbs.

  • Battagel, A.T.: Pyrenees West - Larrau to Gavarnie Cirque, 2nd edition. Isbn: 9780906227336. West Col Productions, 1988.
  • Alfonso, Luis: Plaquettes Dans Les Vallees Des Gaves. Isbn: 9788493952327. Luis Alfonso Sanz, 2013.
  • Motzet, Andreas & Matzet, Katrin: Pyrenees Rock - Sportkletterführer Rock Climbing Guide (Deutsch/English), 1st edition. Isbn: 9783000254178. Quickdraw Publications.Com, 2008.
  • Alfonso, Luis & Buxo, Xavier: Pirineos Vol I. Isbn: 9788460752486. Luis Alfonso Sanz, 2006.
  • Colectif: Roca Calinete En Los Pirineos Vol 3. Isbn: 9788460959984. Luis Alfonso Sanz, 2011.
  • Wagenhals, Katja & Wagenhals, Stefan: Roca Espana. Isbn: 9783934650121. Lobo-Edition, 2012.
  • Battagel, A.T.: The Pyrenees East - Ariege to Roussillon Including Andorra and Catalonia. Isbn: 9780906227503. West Col Productions, 1991.
  • Reynolds, Kev: Walks and Climbs in the Pyrenees, 6th Edition edition. Isbn: 9781852847814. Cicerone Press, 2015.
  • Walker, Derek L.: Rock Climbs in the Pyrenees. Isbn: 9781852840396. Cicerone Press, 1990.
  • Francois Laurens: Mountaineering in the Pyrenees - 25 Classic Mountain Routes. Isbn: 9781910240564. Vertebrate Publishing, 2015.

Central Pyrenees

The mountaineer's paradise lies in Central Pyrenees, between the valleys of Tena and Benasque. Here the most important climbing areas of Madaleta and Vignemale massifs and amphitheatre of Cirque de Gavarnie. There are many fine mountaineering routes and an abundance of rock climbing within the area.

  • Battagel, A.T.: The Pyrenees Central - Gedre to Garonne Gap (Pyrenees Guidebooks), Rev Ed Edition edition. Isbn: 9780906227343. West Col Productions, 1988.

Vignemale Massif

Highest peak in Vignemale massif in Pique Longue (aka Grand Vignemale, 3298m), the 4th highest peak in the Pyrenees. Vignemale massif consists of theree main ridges: NW ridge from Pique Longue known as arista de Gaube to col des Oulettes, east ridge with Pique Longue east ridge with Brèche de Gaube (3152m), Piton Carré (3197m), Pointe Chausenque (3204m), Espandal Chausenque (3154m), Col des Chausenque (2990m) and Petit Vignemale (3032m) and South Ridge with Pic du Clot de la Hount (3285m), Cerbillona (3247m), Pico Central (3235m), Montferrat (3219m), Grand Tapou (3150m) and Pic du Milieu (3130m).

Vignemale massif is most conveniently accessed from the Spanish side from Bujaruelo and from Cauterets on the French side.

Main climbing venue is the north face facing France which gives access to all of the peaks located on the east ridge. This is steep face rising over 800m with a lot of classic climbs, both on rock and ice. Few ridges and buttresses aside (AD-D) the routes are mainly very difficult (TD-ED). Probably the most classic route is couloir de Gaube ending at col Brèche de Gaube (3152m) between Grand Vignemale (3298m) and Piton Carré (3197m). Traverse of the ridge from Petit Vignemale is a classic climb (AD- to Piton Carré, possible to continue further to Pique Longue).

Glacier d'Ossoue between east and south ridge s gives the easiest routes for all the peaks located on the east ridge. These climbs easy ranging from non-technical to around PD.

  • World Mountaineering pp.74-7

Cirque de Gavarnie

Cirque de Gavarnie on the French side of Pyrenees is a large rocky amphitheater that rises 1500m from the bottom. It is surrounded by several peaks rising over 3000m. The highest peak of the area is Monte Perdido (3353m). Cirque de Gavarnie is the highest Limestone range in Europe.

Steep north face has several difficult routes. During the winter Cirque de Gavernie has host of high quality waterfall ice and mixed climbs.

The tourist town of Gavarnie is the base for climbs in the cirque (2h walk from the city to the base of the circue). There's easy acces to Gavarnie from France but no direct roads from Spanish side. However, the circue can be reached by foot from the Spanish town San Nicolas de Bujaruelo.

  • Ice-Dreams: Gavarnie - Cascades De Glace. Isbn: 9788487746475. JMEditions, 2006.

Sistema Central

Mountain ranges located in Central Spain, not very far from Madrid. The ranges rise from the high plateau of La Meseta and do not form a particularly uniform range, rather it is a collection of small separate ranges.

  • Western Region Westernmost part of Sistema Central reaching partially to Portugal.
    • Sierra da Estrela
    • Sierra de Gata
    • Peña de Francia
  • West-Central Region
    • Sierra de Béjar
    • Sierra de Gredos The highest range of Sistema Central. Located to the west of Madrid.
      • Macizo Occidental
      • Macizo Central
      • Macizo Oriental
    • Sierra de San Vicente Lower range located to the south of Sierra de Gredos
  • East-Central Region
    • Montañas Escurialenses
    • Sierra de Malagón
    • La Pedriza
    • Sierra de Guadarrama Located immediately north of Madrid.
    • Sierra de la Cabrera
    • Macizo de Peñalara
    • Montes Carpetanos
  • Eastern Region
    • Sierra de la Puebla
    • Sierra de Ayllón
    • Sierra de Pela
    • Sierra de Alto Rey
    • Sierra Ministra

Sistema Ibérico

System of ranges located in NE Spain, to the south of Pyrenees and east of Sistema Central. Eastern part of Sistema Central joins Sistema Ibérico.

  • Northern
    • Moncayo Massif
    • Sierra de la Demanda
    • Mesa de Cebollera
  • Western
  • Central
    • Sierra de San Just
    • Sierra de Cucalón
  • Southwestern
    • Montes Universales
    • Sierra de Albarracín
  • Southeastern
    • Sierra de Javalambre
    • Sierra de Gúdar
  • Eastern
  • Northeastern
    • Catalan Central Depression
    • Catalan Transversal Range
    • Catalan Pre-Coastal Range
      • Ports de Tortosa-Beseit
      • Benifassà Mountains
    • Catalan Coastal Range

Cordillera Penibética

The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range in the region of Andalucia of southern Spain, provinces of Granada and Almería. It contains the highest point of continental Spain, Mulhacén at 3478m above sea level. It is a popular tourist destination, as its high peaks make skiing possible in one of Europe's most southerly ski resorts, in an area along the Mediterranean Sea predominantly known for its warm temperatures and abundant sunshine. At its foothills is found the city of Granada and, a little further, Almería and Málaga.

Central part of the range is a ridge running broadly west-south-west - east-north-east. For a substantial distance, the watershed stays consistently above 3000m. On the southern side of the range, several long but narrow river valleys lead off towards the south-west, separated by a number of subsidiary ridges. On the steeper and craggier northern side, the valleys have less regular orientations. This side is dominated by the Rio Genil which starts near Mulhacén and into which many of the other rivers flow.

Sierra Nevada is not very steep and rugged range. However, the northern aspect of the range is probably the only area in southern part of Europe of any interest to classical mountaineers with some moderately steep snow/mixed routes during the winter. The area also has plenty of rock climbing venues including the famous El Chorro with routes up to 10 pitches.

  • Western Cordillera Penibética
    • Sierra de Grazalema
    • Serranía de Ronda
      • Sierra de las Nieves
  • West-Central Cordillera Penibética
    • Sierra de Tejeda
    • Sierra de Almijara
  • Central Cordillera Penibética
    • Sierra Nevada
    • Sierra de la Contraviesa Lower range located south of Sierra Nevada, between the coast and Sierra Nevada.
    • Sierra de Gádor
  • Eastern Cordillera Penibética
    • Sierra de Baza y Filabres
      • Sierra de Baza
      • Sierra de los Filabres
    • Sierra Alhamilla

Mountains

Iberian peninsula

Cordillera Cantábrica

Central Cordillera Cantábrica

Picos de Europa
Urrieles Massif
Torre de Cerredo (La Torre Cerréu)43.198055556-4.84888888892648
1900-01-01
Event
NE side
Versant E - depuis Pandébano. F/T5; 2; 1800m.
Peña Castil43.20254.8022444
PD.
Picu Urriellu (Naranjo de Bulnes)43.202823255912519
Famous climbing peak. There are climbing routes on all sides of the peak with none of them easy. Particularly the 500m West face has extreme free climbing routes.
    South face
    Directa de los Martinez. II D-; 5a; 280m.
    West face
    Quite possibly the most famous alpine rock face of Spain. 500m rock face has extreme free climbing routes.
Cornión Massif
Peña Santa de Castilla (Torre Santa)43.214122-4.9524032596
1892-08-04
Peña Santa de Castilla, ,
First ascent
V. Marcos, F. Salles, P. Labrouche
North side
Face N par la Canal Estrecha. AD-; 3c; 500/1250m.
South face
South Face Direct Route. IV D+; 5c; 600m.
Fuentes Carrionas Massif
Peña Prieta43.0238-4.72992536
F.

Pyrenees

Western Pyrenees

Béarn
Pic du Midi d’Ossau42.843056-0.4380562886
  • Pic du Midi d’Ossau (Grand Pic du Midi d'Ossau, Grand Pic, Pointe d'Espagne) (2886m42.843056-0.438056)
  • Petit Pic (Petit Pic du Midi d'Ossau) (2807m42.842222 -0.440278)
  • doigt de Pombie (2446m42.842778 -0.431389)
  • Pointe Jean Santé (2506m42.840833 -0.433333)
Midi d'Ossau is dominating peak in Cafranc area of Western Pyrenees. Normal route on the west side is not too technical (II PD, II+) but the peak has host of more technical routes leading to all four summits. Traverse of the four summits is classic undertaking (D, V).
1552-01-01
Pic du Midi d’Ossau, ,
First ascent
François de Foix-Candale
East face
II PD; II+; 550m.
Capéran de Sesques42.90806-0.495562410
1922-06-04
Capéran de Sesques, ,
First ascent
Pierre Bourdieu

Central Pyrenees

Vignemale
Vignemale Massif
Grand Vignemale (Pique Longue)42.77396-0.1473183298
The highest point of Vignemale group and the one with most climbing routes. Normal route via Ossue glacier is easy glacier climb. North side has series of difficult climbs both on rock and ice. All of the north side ascents are difficult, Face Nord classique least so.
1792-08-02
Grand Vignemale, ,
First ascent
Shepherds under the order of Louis-Philippe Reinhart Junker
    South side
    Normal route. I F/PD; II+, 35°; 750m.
    Normal route. Via Ossue glacier.
    North face
    Couloir de Gaube. Ice, IV TD; IV/WI4+ M3+/70-85°; 600m.
    Classic. The most famous coulouir of Pyrenees. Couloir end in col Brèche de Gaube (3152m) between Grand Vignemale (3298m) and Piton Carré (3197m). Fromn the col either one of the summits can be reached.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #14
    North face (Face Nord classique). IV D+; 5b; 900m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #15
    Les Délinquants de l´Inutile. IV ED; VI/WI6-, A3; 800m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #16
    North Buttress (Eperon Nord). IV TD+/ED-; 750m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #17
    Yellow Angle (Le Dièdre Jaune). IV ED; 6b,A2; 550m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #18
    Despiau-Lucquet. III ED+; 6b+,A3; 500m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #19
    Clôt de la Hount Gully. III D-; IV/WI3+/50°; 350m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #20
    Gaube Ridge (Arête de Gaube). III AD; 4c; 400m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #21
Pic du Clot de la Hount42.77306-0.149723289
East side
Tour horaire du glacier d'Ossoue. II PD-; 1600m.
Pico Central (Pic Central)42.76861-0.145563235
II PD-.
Montferrat (Pic de Montferrat)42.76694-0.138333219
II PD.
Pointe de Chausenque (Pointe Chausenque)42.77361-0.14173204
Crossed as part of the classic ridge traverse from Petit Vignemale to Piton Carré.
    II PD.
    North side
    Couloir Arlaud-Souriac. TD+; V/WI5-/80°; 600m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #7
    Mixed Emotions. ED; V,A3+, 80°; 600m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #8
    Direct North Face. ED; 600m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #9
    Diagonal Route. TD; 600m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #10
    North West Buttress. TD; 700m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #11
Piton Carré42.77333-0.14443197
Located next to Pique Longue separated from it by Brèche de Gaube (3152m). Not too prominent of a summit from the south side (F+, I+, 30º), steep rock face from the north.
    Traverse from Petit Vignemale
    Traverse Petit Vignemale-Piton Carré. Traverse, AD-; III.
    North side
    Couloir de l´Y. TD+; V-, WI5+/69-90°; 600m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #12
    North Face. TD; 600m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #13
Petit Vignemale42.774704-0.1350793032
Easternmost peak on the long east ridge of Vignemale massif. Petit Vignemale is the easiest peak of the massif across its normal route. Non-technical and short ascent from Refuge de Bayssellance (2651m, 1h 15min, 390m). Classic ridge traverse from Petit Vignemale via Pointe de Chausenque to Piton Carré. NW Buttress is the classic climb ending at Petit Vignemale.
1947-08-06
Petit Vignemale, ,
First ascent
R. Cazanave & C. Subot
1947-08-06
Petit Vignemale, NW Buttress,
First ascent
NW Buttress: R. Cazanave & C. Subot
    T3.
    North side
    North Face Direct. TD+; 300.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #1
    Goulotte Lechêne. TD-; IV/WI4+/70°; 300.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #2
    NW Buttress (Eperon Nord). Rock, III AD+/D; 4c; 350m. 1947-08-06First ascentR. Cazanave & C. Subot, 1947-08-06.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #3
Aiguille des Glaciers2933
    North side
    Séracs Route. PD+; III/WI3/60°; 300m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #4
    North Face. D-; 300m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #5
    North West Buttress. D; 300m.
    • World Mountaineering pp.74-7 #6
Posets - Eriste
Posets42.655830.436393375
T4.
Las Espadas (Espadas, Pic d'Espadas)42.651110.42783332
PD+.
Tuca de Llardaneta3311
PD+.
Néouvielle-Pic Long
Pic Long42.801110.100283192
PD.
Monte Perdido
Monte Perdido (Mont Perdu)42.6738890.0333333355
  • Cilindro de Marboré (3328m42.684720.02389)
  • Monte Perdido (3355m42.6738890.033333)
  • Col Oriental du Mont Perdu (3150m42.674059 0.040765)
  • Pico de Añisclo (Soum de Ramond) (3254m42.669720.04306)
  • Punta de las Olas (3002m42.662215 0.052857)
Third highest mountain in the Pyrenees. Perdido is located on ridge towards SE from Cirque de Gavarnie. The ridge joins the cirque at Pico de Marboré and contains many other peaks and minor summits (Cilindro de Marboré, Pico de Añisclo, Punta de las Olas). There are several easy routes, but also some steeper routes around D. Ice and mixed routes are found particularly on north face whereas Spur of the Esparrets and South face have some rock routes (both D+ and 5b).
1802-08-07
Monte Perdido, ,
First ascent
Grégoire Taulat dit Rondo, Laurens, a shepherd
SE ridge (par le col d'Anisclo et la Punta de las Olas). II F/T5; 30-35°; 2100m.
Normal route. Punta de las Olas (3002m) - Pico de Añisclo (3254m) - Col Oriental du Mont Perdu (3150m) - Monte Perdido.
Cilindro de Marboré (Cylindre du Marboré)42.684720.023893328
PD-.
Pico de Añisclo (Soum de Ramond)42.669720.043063254
T4.
Pico de Marboré (Pic du Marboré)42.6928370.0118343248
T4.
Maladeta-Aneto
Pico de Aneto
Aneto (Pico de Aneto)42.6322220.6577783404
The highest mountain in Pyrenees. Its northern side holds the largest glacier in the Pyrenees. Aneto is most commonly climbed from Refuge Renclusa (2140m). Non-technical but quite long.
1842-01-01
Aneto, ,
First ascent
Albert de Franqueville, Platon de Tchihatcheff, Pierre Sanio, Pierre Redonnet, Jean Sors & Bernard Arrazau
1930-07-16
Aneto, Corredor Estasen,
First ascent
Corredor Estasen: Luis Estasen & Jos Rovira
Portillón Superior. II PD; II; 1700m.
Normal route. Falso Portillón (2651m) - Portillón Inferior (2745m) - Portillón Superior (2870m) - Glaciar del Aneto - Collado de Coronas (3198m) - Collado de Aneto aka Punta Oliveras (3298m) - Puente de Mahoma (rock bridge).
West side
Corredor Estasen. Snow/ice, II PD; 45-50°, II; 220m, 3h. 1930-07-16First ascentLuis Estasen & Jos Rovira, 1930-07-16.
Espalda de Aneto (Épaule de l’Aneto)42.6299610.6591583350
III AD+.
Punta d’Astorg (Pointe d'Astorg)42.640280.644723355
III PD+.
Pico Maldito (Pic Maudit)42.640.641113350
II PD+.
Pico del Medio (Pic du Milieu)42.6386110.6453346
F.
Pico de La Maladeta (la Maladeta, Maladeta)42.6472810.6394393308
II PD+.
Pico de Coronas3293
F.
Pico de Tempestades (Pic des Tempêtes)3290
III AD+.
Pico Margalide (Pic Margalida)3241
T5.
Pico Russell (Pic Russell)42.61967780.6718753207
T5.
Clarabide-Perdiguero-Boum
Perdiguero (Pic de Perdiguère)42.69170.518613222
F.
Balaitous-Infiernos-Argualas
Massif du Balaïtous
Balaitous (Pic du Balaïtous)42.83861-0.293144
1825-08-08
Balaitous, ,
First ascent
Party from
Gran Facha (Grande Fache, Cuspide de Bachimaña)42.8086110.2377783005
1874-01-01
Gran Facha, ,
First ascent
Henry Russell and Cauterets Latour
Pic du Piméné42.735830.021672801
1877-01-01
Pic du Piméné, ,
First ascent
Henri Reboul
Pic de Cambalès42.82361-0.243332965
1877-07-20
Pic de Cambalès, ,
First ascent
Henry Russell
El Cogul (El Cogulló)42.36370.9980651526
T2.

Sistema Central

Sierra de Gredos

Plaza del Moro Almanzor (Pico Almanzor)40.2475-5.27055555562592
1889-01-01
Plaza del Moro Almanzor, ,
First ascent
M. González de Amezúa & J. Ibrián
PD.

Cordillera Penibética

Sierra Nevada

Pico del Mulhacén (Mulhacén, Mulhacen)37.054444444-3.293479
The highest mountain in continental Spain and in the Iberian Peninsula. The south flank of the mountain is gentle and presents no technical challenge, as is the case for the long west ridge. The shorter, somewhat steeper north east ridge is slightly more technical. The north face of the mountain, however, is much steeper, and offers several routes involving moderately steep climbing on snow and ice in the winter.
1500-01-01
Pico del Mulhacén, ,
First ascent
Unknown. before 1500
    North face
    The only interesting aspect of the peak for alpinists. Moderately steep (up to French grade AD) mixed face rising about 500m. Few couloirs that make logical ascent routes, most obvious one is the central couloir leading straight to summit.
    Canuto Central (North face central couloir). Snow/ice, AD-; 55°; 500m, 4-5h.
    West slope
    West slope. T1; 600/2200m.
Alcazaba37.067222-3.3013893371
T4.
Veleta37.056667-3.3658333396
T3.
Puntal de la Caldera37-33219
F.
Pico del Cartujo37.04641-3.376243150
T5.
Torrecilla36.675833333-4.97027777781919
T2.