The prominent narrow is couloir in the center is famous Diamond Couloir. Credit: Utilizator:Radu.vatcu,  Shot on 2012-03-14 Photo taken in , Nyeri, Central Kenya, Kenya.(c) Radu Vatcu, licensed under: CC BY-SA 3.0.
The prominent narrow is couloir in the center is famous Diamond Couloir. Credit: Utilizator:Radu.vatcu, Shot on 2012-03-14 Photo taken in , Nyeri, Central Kenya, Kenya.(c) Radu Vatcu, licensed under: CC BY-SA 3.0.

General

When talking about Africa and climbing, most everyone think of Kilimanjaro at first. If anything else rings a bell, then it would most likely be sport climbing and bouldering in South Africa or Mount Kenya. However, there's much more to climbing potential in Africa. For example high peaks of and Ruwenzori, High Atlas and Ethiopia offer mountaineering challenges to those interested in treading the path less traveled while huge rock walls of Morocco, South Africa and Madagaskar offer extreme technical challenges on rock of very alpine proportions.

  • Northern Africa Atlas mountains the highest largest mountain range in northern Africa. The broken chain extends for over 1500km across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Highest mountains are located in High Atlas, the western part of the range culminating at Toubkal (4165m), located only 75km south of the city of Marrakech. Other ranges, such as Ahaggar Mountains are lower and a lot less known. Todra Gorge and Taghia Gorges, as well as Tafraoute have gained some popularity among foreign climbers. Particularly as a autumn-winter-spring destination.
  • Western Africa
  • East Africa The highest part of Ethiopian Highlands is Semien Mountains in the north, culminating at Ras Dashan (4550m). The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in Bale Mountains, which rises to nearly as great altitude as Semien Mountains with peaks reaching above 4000m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4337m), which is the second-highest peak in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4307m).
  • Southern Africa Mulanje is a large granite massif in Malawi, a small African nation, situated snugly between southern Tanzania, northeastern Zambia, and Northern Mozambique. The massif rises abruptly from the surrounding plain, and reaches its highest point of 3002m in Sapitwa Peak. Mulanje has a well organized system of trails and huts, leading through forests of large cedar trees.

Northern Africa

Atlas mountains the highest largest mountain range in northern Africa. The broken chain extends for over 1500km across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia. Highest mountains are located in High Atlas, the western part of the range culminating at Toubkal (4165m), located only 75km south of the city of Marrakech. Other ranges, such as Ahaggar Mountains are lower and a lot less known. Todra Gorge and Taghia Gorges, as well as Tafraoute have gained some popularity among foreign climbers. Particularly as a autumn-winter-spring destination.

  • Atlas Mountains
  • Ahaggar Mountains
  • Hoggar Mountains
  • Tibest Mountains
  • Marra Mountains
  • Egypt & Sinai

Atlas mountains are the most northernly and the highest of the mountains in northern Africa. The broken chain of Atlas extends for over 1500km across Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.

  • Anti-Atlas ranges SW part of Atlas Mountains. Desolate world of rocky outcrops and lunar landscapes where the contrasts are extreme. Most of the land is dry and barren, but water gathers and runs in some remote places, forming clear basins. The summits of the Anti-Atlas reach average heights of 2500–2700m, with a few peaks reaching higher. Most of the better known rock climbing destinations such as Tafraout and Todra are located in Anti-Atlas.
  • High Atlas Highest mountains are located in High Atlas, located in central Morocco between Anti-Atlas in SW and Middle Atlas in NE.
  • Middle Atlas Northernmost chain of Moroccan Atlas Mountains.
  • Tell Atlas Long west to east chain along Mediterranean Coast and to the east of Middle Atlas.
  • Saharan Atlas The Saharan Atlas of Algeria is the eastern portion of the Atlas mountain range. Though not as high as the Grand Atlas, they are far more imposing than the Tell Atlas range that runs to the north of them and closer to the coast. The highest peak in the range is the 2236m high Djebel Aissa.
  • Aurès mountains Aurès Mountains of Algeria and Tunisia are the farthest eastern portion of the Atlas mountain range.

The highest mountain of northern Africa is Toubkal (4165m), located only 75km south of the city of Marrakech. It dominates the area with its steep rocky faces, and is surrounded by massive granite buttresses and several secondary peaks. There are several other mountains rising to around 4000 meters.

Todra Gorge and Taghia Gorges, as well as Tafraoute have gained some popularity among foreign climbers. Particularly as a autumn-winter-spring destination.

Despite a scarcity of roads, most of the major mountains are easily accessible. The approach to the mountains is short, and there are mountain huts, plenty of guides, good trails, and mules to carry gear.

The summers of the area are hot and harsh while winter snows are very heavy. The high peaks maintain their snow caps for much of the year, but there are no glaciers. The two best climbing seasons are in the winter/spring period, from February to May, when snow is still present but temperatures are comfortable; and in early Autumn (September), when the mountains are dry and the weather is cool again before winter storms return.

  • Alsford, Emma & Donnithorne, Paul: Morocco Rock - Jebel El Kest & Taskra North. Isbn: 9780957366602. Crack Addicts, 2012.
  • Broadbent, Stephen: Moroccan Anti-Atlas North - Rock Climbing on the North Side of Jebel El Kest. Isbn: 9780956728807. Oxford Alpine Club, 2010.
  • Broadbent, Steve: Tafraout - Rock Climbing in Morocco's Anti-Atlas. Isbn: 9780956728821. Oxford Alpine Club, 2013.
  • Brown, Hamish: The High Atlas - Treks and Climbs on Morocco's Biggest and Best Mountains, 1 Edition edition. Isbn: 9781852846718. Cicerone Press Limited, 2012.
  • Clark, Des: Mountaineering in the Moroccan High Atlas, 1 Edition edition. Isbn: 9781852846114. Cicerone Press Limited, 2011.
  • Davies, Claude: Climbing in the Moroccan Anti-Atlas - Tafroute and Jebel El Kest (Climbing Guides Series). Isbn: 9781852844127. Cicerone Press Limited, 2004.
  • Groenewegen, Wynand; Berg, Marloes van Den & Jaeggi, Daniel: Rock Climbing Atlas - South Western Europe and Morocco. Isbn: 9789078587033. Rocks Unlimited Publications, 2007.
  • Todra - Rock Climbing in the Todra Gorge. Isbn: 9780956728883. Oxford Alpine Club, 2015.
  • Broadbent, Steve: Tafraout Pocket Guide - Afantinzar, Samazar and Tagzene Volume 3: Holiday Sun Rock in Morocco's Anti-Atlas. Isbn: 9780956728876. Oxford Alpine Club, 2014.
  • Broadbent, Steve: Tafraout Pocket Guide - Tarakatine, Sidi M'zal, Idaougnidif and Jebel Taskra Volume 2: Holiday Sun Rock in Morocco's Anti-Atlas. Isbn: 9780956728869. Oxford Alpine Club, 2014.

East Africa

Mountain climbing in the Africa is dominated by two highest mountains, Kilimanjaro (5895m) and Mount Kenya (5199m). Both are free-standing peaks located outside of any real mountain range. Both are extremely popular among trekkers, although reaching true summit of Kenya requires technical rock climbing. Besides rock routes, both Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya have several ice climbs, most famous of them Diamond Couloir and slightly easier Ice Windows on Mount Kenya. On Kilimanjaro, probably the best known climbing routes are Heim Glacier and Breach Wall Direct. Melting of the glaciers has deteriorated the conditions off all ice climbs in Africa.

Albeit probably unknown to most climbers, there are several other high peaks in Eastern Africa, which is by far most mountainous area of the continent with vast highlands. Tjhe two two giants aside, Rwenzori range

  • Ethiopian Highlands The highest part of Ethiopian Highlands is Semien Mountains in the north, culminating at Ras Dashan (4550m). The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in Bale Mountains, which rises to nearly as great altitude as Semien Mountains with peaks reaching above 4000m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4337m), which is the second-highest peak in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4307m).
  • Western Rift Valley
    • Imatong Mountains
    • Rwenzori Snow-capped range of Rwenzori is located to the east of Lake Victoria, just north of equator. The highest peak of the range is Mount Stanley (5109m) with nearby Mount Speke and Mount Baker being the other major peaks of the range. The range is high enough to sport snow fields and glaciers despite its location almost squarely on the equator.
    • Virunga Mountains
    • Mitumba Mountains Mitumba Mountain range stretches along the Western Rift Valley in Eastern Congo (DRC), west of lake Tanganyika. The two main peaks, Mount Kahuzi (3308m) and Mount Biéga (2790m) are extinct volcanoes.
  • Eastern Rift Valley
    • Mount Kenya - Kilimanjaro Mountain climbing in the Africa is dominated by two highest mountains, Kilimanjaro (5895m) and Mount Kenya (5199m). Both are free-standing peaks located outside of any real mountain range. Albeit lower, Mount Kenya has more to offer for climbers. While Kilimanjaro offers easy hiking trail to the highest summit, reaching the highest point of Mount Kenya requires technical rock or ice climbing. Most of the people visiting Mont Kenya don't go beyond the trail end at Point Lenana (4985m). Besides rock routes, both Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya have several ice climbs, most famous of them Diamond Couloir and slightly easier Ice Windows on Mount Kenya.
  • Allan, Iain: Guide to Mount Kenya and Kilimanjaro, 5Rev Ed edition. Isbn: 978-9966985606. African Books Collective, 1991.
  • Burns, Cameron M.: Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya. Isbn: 9781871890983. Menasha Ridge Press, 1998.

Ethiopian Highlands

The highest part of Ethiopian Highlands is Semien Mountains in the north, culminating at Ras Dashan (4550m). The southeastern portion's highest peaks are located in Bale Mountains, which rises to nearly as great altitude as Semien Mountains with peaks reaching above 4000m. Among these are Mount Tullu Demtu (4337m), which is the second-highest peak in Ethiopia, and Mount Batu (4307m).

Rwenzori

Snow-capped range of Rwenzori is located to the east of Lake Victoria, just north of equator. The highest peak of the range is Mount Stanley (5109m) with nearby Mount Speke and Mount Baker being the other major peaks of the range. The range is high enough to sport snow fields and glaciers despite its location almost squarely on the equator.

Mount Kenya - Kilimanjaro

Mountain climbing in the Africa is dominated by two highest mountains, Kilimanjaro (5895m) and Mount Kenya (5199m). Both are free-standing peaks located outside of any real mountain range. Albeit lower, Mount Kenya has more to offer for climbers. While Kilimanjaro offers easy hiking trail to the highest summit, reaching the highest point of Mount Kenya requires technical rock or ice climbing. Most of the people visiting Mont Kenya don't go beyond the trail end at Point Lenana (4985m). Besides rock routes, both Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya have several ice climbs, most famous of them Diamond Couloir and slightly easier Ice Windows on Mount Kenya.

Best Climbing Months for rock climbs are January and February (dry season on South side) and August and September (dry season on North side). The best conditions for snow/ice on the south face occur between mid May and late October. Like all glaciers in Africa, those on Mount Kenya are in retreat. Because of this, the ice climbs are not in condition every year.

Southern Africa

While not having any giants like Kilimanjaro or Mount Kenya, southern part of Africa also has several mountain ranges, most important of them being:

  • Mulanje massif Mulanje is a large granite massif in Malawi, a small African nation, situated snugly between southern Tanzania, northeastern Zambia, and Northern Mozambique. The massif rises abruptly from the surrounding plain, and reaches its highest point of 3002m in Sapitwa Peak. Mulanje has a well organized system of trails and huts, leading through forests of large cedar trees.
  • Drakensberg Drakensberg is a major escarpment of South Africa, stretching for hundreds of miles along the southeastern edge of the vast interior plateau. For much of their length, the mountains are capped by a thick layer of basaltic lava, which has been heavily eroded over the centuries, leaving a bewildering assortment of rugged blocks and pinnacles. Erosion has caused the isolation of many free-standing rock peaks, excellent for rock climbing. The mountains are typically covered with snow and ice in Winter. The highest peaks and most spectacular scenery are found in a compact area along the 90-mile boundary between Lesotho and Natal provinces. Here crags and pinnacles tower above sandstone foothills and rolling grasslands. Some of the more popular climbing peaks are Mont-aux-Sources (3282m), Monk's Cowl (3234m) and Cathedral Peak (3004m).
  • Cape Town Large and flat-topped Table mountain (1087m) is located southwestern corner of Africa, close to Cape Town. Its deeply scarred and craggy sandstone cliffs are one of the most popular climbs in the world, and there are over 500 documented routes to the top, many of them serious technical climbs.
  • Madagaskar Madagascar is a large island in the Indian ocean, 380km off the southeast coast of Africa. Its narrow coastal plain rises to a high mountainous plateau in the island's center. The mountains' granite peaks rise above grasslands and cultivated slopes and valleys. Highest mountains are Maromokotro (2876m), Ankaratara (2643m) and Pic Boby (2658m). Towns and villages are scattered throughout the mountains, predominantly inhabited by native islanders known as the Malagasy. Also Réunion Island has high mountains.

South Africa has been known for bouldering and some sport climbing, but during the recent years larger scale rock climbing has become somewhat exposed to the world. One of the better known rock climbing venues is Large and flat-topped Table mountain (1087m) is located southwestern corner of Africa, close to Cape Town. Its deeply scarred and craggy sandstone cliffs are one of the most popular climbs in the world, and there are over 500 documented routes to the top, many of them serious technical climbs.

Mulanje massif

Mulanje is a large granite massif in Malawi, a small African nation, situated snugly between southern Tanzania, northeastern Zambia, and Northern Mozambique. The massif rises abruptly from the surrounding plain, and reaches its highest point of 3002m in Sapitwa Peak. Mulanje has a well organized system of trails and huts, leading through forests of large cedar trees.

Drakensberg

Drakensberg is a major escarpment of South Africa, stretching for hundreds of miles along the southeastern edge of the vast interior plateau. For much of their length, the mountains are capped by a thick layer of basaltic lava, which has been heavily eroded over the centuries, leaving a bewildering assortment of rugged blocks and pinnacles. Erosion has caused the isolation of many free-standing rock peaks, excellent for rock climbing. The mountains are typically covered with snow and ice in Winter. The highest peaks and most spectacular scenery are found in a compact area along the 90-mile boundary between Lesotho and Natal provinces. Here crags and pinnacles tower above sandstone foothills and rolling grasslands. Some of the more popular climbing peaks are Mont-aux-Sources (3282m), Monk's Cowl (3234m) and Cathedral Peak (3004m).

The highest peak is Thabana Ntlenyana, at 3482m. Other notable peaks include Mafadi (3450m), Makoaneng (3416m), Njesuthi (3408m), Champagne Castle (3377m), Giant's Castle (3315m), Ben Macdhui (3001m) and Popple Peak (3331m), all of these are in the area bordering on Lesotho. Another popular area for hikers is Cathedral Peak. North of Lesotho the range becomes lower and less rugged until entering Mpumalanga where the quartzite mountains of the Transvaal Drakensberg are loftier and more broken and form the eastern rim of the Transvaal Basin, the Blyde River Canyon lying within this stretch. The geology of this section is the same as and continuous with that of the Magaliesberg.

Cape Town

Large and flat-topped Table mountain (1087m) is located southwestern corner of Africa, close to Cape Town. Its deeply scarred and craggy sandstone cliffs are one of the most popular climbs in the world, and there are over 500 documented routes to the top, many of them serious technical climbs.

Madagaskar

Madagascar is a large island in the Indian ocean, 380km off the southeast coast of Africa. Its narrow coastal plain rises to a high mountainous plateau in the island's center. The mountains' granite peaks rise above grasslands and cultivated slopes and valleys. Highest mountains are Maromokotro (2876m), Ankaratara (2643m) and Pic Boby (2658m). Towns and villages are scattered throughout the mountains, predominantly inhabited by native islanders known as the Malagasy. Also Réunion Island has high mountains.

Mountains

Africa

North Africa

Atlas Mountains

High Atlas
Toubkal Atlas
Jbel Toubkal31.06-7.9154167
  • Jbel Toubkal (4167m31.06-7.915)
  • Toubkal West (430m31.0559-7.9233)
The highest mountain of Atlas Mountains and entire in northern Africa. The peak is located 60km south of Marrakech and is a popular destination for climbers.
1923-06-02
Jbel Toubkal, ,
First ascent
V. Berger, H. Dolbeau & Marquis de Segonzac
    South side
    Ikhibi Sud (South Cwm). F; 35°; 950m, 3-4h from the hut.
    Normal route. From Refuge du Toubkal to a hanging valley, then breaks right towards a Col, Tiz n’ Toubkal (3940m, 2-2,5h from the hut) and takes easy slopes up to a final narrow crest and the small summit plateau. 3-4h from the hut.
    West side
    WSW Ridge (SW Ridge, Ouanoums Ridge). D-; III+/IV/HS/VS 4b, Sco II/III.
    Something of a classic alpine style climb with marked steps and a fine situation. Leads to a shoulder, Toubkal West, and the col, beyond where the normal route is joined. A splendid winter route.
Ouanoukrim (Ras Ouanoukrim)31.036389-7.9469444088
F.
West High Atlas
Tell Atlas
Djurdjura Range
Akouker
Lalla Khedidja (Tamgut Aâlayen, Azeru amghur)36.44754.2283332308
Range highpoint (Tell Atlas)

Sahara

Tibesti Mountains
Emi Koussi19.79361118.5519443445
Country highpoint (Chad)
Marra Mountains
Deriba Caldera (Jebel Marra)12.95138924.2588893042
Country highpoint (Sudan)
Hoggar Mountains
Mount Tahat23.28755.5291672908
Country highpoint (Algeria)
1931-01-01
Mount Tahat, ,
First ascent
Edouard Wyss-Dunant

West Africa

Cameroon Line

Mount Cameroon4.2166679.1722224070
1861-12-18
Mount Cameroon, ,
First ascent
Gustav Mann, Richard Francis Burton, Atilano Calvo Iturburu, Krumen porters

East Africa

Ethiopian Highland

Semien Mountains
Ras Dashen (Ras Dashan)13.23666738.37254550
1841-01-14
Ras Dashen, ,
First ascent
Pierre V.A. Ferret, Joseph G. Galinier
T2.

Surrounding East African Rift

Kilimanjaro
Kilimanjaro (Kibo, Uhuru Peak)-3.07583337.35255895
  • Kibo (5895m-3.07583337.3525)
  • Mawenzi (5149m)
  • Shira (4005m)
Kilimanjaro, an extinct volcano, is located on the border of Tanzania and Kenya, just 3° south of the equator. It is the highest mountain in Africa (and thus one of the seven summits) and is also considered to be the highest free-standing mountain (that is to say that it is not part of the any mountain range). Kilimanjaro has several summits. Uhuru Peak is the highest point on Kibo, the main pudding shaped elevation. Mawenzi (5149m) is more jagged and separated from Kibo by The Saddle, a flat semi-desert area extending for 5km. Rock quality on both of these summits is poor. Normal routes on top of Kilimanjaro involve no climbing (there are 7 hiking routes, some of them feature scrambling). However, there are also several climbing routes. Best known of them are probably Heim Glacier and Breach Wall Direct on the south-west face of Kibo. The whole face is steep and heavily glaciated, extending for 5km and broken only by one easy passage - The Western Breach.
1889-01-01
Kilimanjaro, ,
First ascent
Hans Meyer, Ludwig Purtscheller
1957-01-01
Kilimanjaro, Heim glacier original,
First ascent
Heim glacier original: A. Nelson, H. J. Cooke & D. N. Goodall
1962-09-22
Kilimanjaro, Kersten glacier original,
First ascent
Kersten glacier original: Walter Welsch & Leo Herncarek
1978-01-31
Kilimanjaro, Breach Wall Direct,
First ascent
Breach Wall Direct: Reinhold Messner & Renzler
    Machame (the whiskey route). nccs II/AK1; 4000m.
    From the Park Post (1900m) a well marked path to Machame huts (5h). Above, cross a small valley and up ridges and through heather with occasional scrambling to head of a river valley. Traverse west across this then continue north to the Shira Hut (3800m, 5h). The damaged Lava Tower Hut is reached by a well-cairned trail leading east (3,5h).
    South side
    Heim glacier original. D/nccs III+; 12h. 1957-01-01First ascentA. Nelson, H. J. Cooke & D. N. Goodall, 1957.
    Kersten glacier original. nccs III+. 1962-09-22First ascentWalter Welsch & Leo Herncarek, 1962-09-22.
    Decken glacier. AD/nccs III.
    Marangu (Coca-Cola). F; 4096m.
    Normal route. Starting from the Marangu Gate (1980m) a wide path to the Mandara Hut, 2700m (4h). Shortly after leaving the Mandara Hut the forest gives way to giant heather, then moorland; the roomy Horombo huts are situated in this zone at 3700m (5h). Higher up the vegetation thins and the last water trickle is passed. The path continues to the gravelly Saddle which is crossed at length to the Kibo Huts (4703m), situated below the Kibo scree slopes (5h). Starting well before dawn, climb the tedious scree to the crater rim and Gillman's Point (5680m) (5h). Now more easily along the crater rim for about 1.5km to Uhuru Peak (1h30).
    Breach wall
    Located to (S)W side of the summit
    Breach Wall Direct. V ED2; V/WI6; 900m. 1978-01-31First ascentReinhold Messner & Renzler, 1978-01-31.
Mount Kenya
Mount Kenya (Batian Peak)-0.15194437.3083335199
  • Batian (5199m-0.15194437.308333)
  • Nelion (5188m)
  • Point Lenana (4985m)
Mount Kenya is the second highest mountain in Africa. It is an isolated stratovolcano which dominate the horizons from the plains of Central Kenyan highlands, towering just seventy miles north of Nairobi, and ten miles south of the Equator. The summit region is a series sharp ridges interpersed with glaciers. Two main summits, twin rock towers of Batian (5199m) and Nelion (5188m), are separated by the Gate of the Mists (5144m). There are several subsidiary summits around the two main peaks. The third highest peak, Point Lenana (4985m), is accessible to hikers and is ascended by hundreds of people each year. Numerous excellent rock and ice routes lead to two highest summits, all of them featuring technical climbing. Rock is mostly syenite, a superb rough rock for climbing. The most popular route is the McInder on the South-East Face. Normal route on the North Face is longer and more difficult. West Ridge is reputed to be the finest mountaineering route on Mt Kenya, while Diamond Buttress Direct is a classic hard route. Many of these generally require a bivouac, satellite peaks such as Point John offer fine one day climbs. Despite being located close to Equator, Mount Kenya has several glaciers. There are two legendary ice climbs on the South Face. 1000 meter long Diamond Couloir (TD) is harder and more famous of the two while Ice Window (AD+/D) is shorter and easier.
1929-01-01
Mount Kenya, McInder's route,
First ascent
McInder's route: E. Shipton & P. Wyn Harris
1930-01-01
Mount Kenya, West Ridge,
First ascent
West Ridge: E.E.Shipton, H.W.Tilman
1944-01-01
Mount Kenya, North Face Standard Route,
First ascent
North Face Standard Route: A. H. Firmin & P. Hicks
1973-01-01
Mount Kenya, Diamond Couloir,
First ascent
Diamond Couloir: P Snyder & T Mathenge (avoiding headwall by ramp on the left). First ascent through the headwall by Y Chouinard & M Covington in 1975.
1973-01-01
Mount Kenya, Ice Window,
First ascent
Ice Window: P. Snyder, Y. Laulan & S. LeDain
1976-01-01
Mount Kenya, Diamond Buttress Original,
First ascent
Diamond Buttress Original: D. J. Temple & I. F. Howell
    North face
    North Face Standard Route. nccs V 5.8+; IV+/5.8/VS 4c; 550m, 10h. 1944-01-01First ascentA. H. Firmin & P. Hicks, 1944.
    The easiest and most popular rock route on Batian between June and October.
    South face
    There are two legendary ice climbs on the South Face. 1000 meter long Diamond Couloir (TD) is harder and more famous of the two while Ice Window (AD+/D) is shorter and easier. When in proper condition, South Face route provides the easiest way (PD+/AD) to the Gate of Mists.
    Diamond Buttress Original. Rock, nccs VI; VI+/VII or A1; 450m, 15h. 1976-01-01First ascentD. J. Temple & I. F. Howell, 1976.
    Rock climb with difficulty up to VI+/VII or A1.
    Diamond Couloir. Ice, IV TD; IV/WI4+/5, V-; 1000m/15-18 roped pitches, 9h (Darwin Glacier-Gate of Mists). 1973-01-01First ascentP Snyder & T Mathenge (avoiding headwall by ramp on the left). First ascent through the headwall by Y Chouinard & M Covington in 1975., 1973.
    Classic. A classic ice route on the South-West Face. In recent years the lower part has failed to form, but there have still been some ascents. However, the start has been much more difficult involving drytooling up to around M7.
    Ice Window. Ice, AD+/D; IV WI3-4 in the narrow gully; 400m, 6h from Darwin Glacier to Gate of Mists. 1973-01-01First ascentP. Snyder, Y. Laulan & S. LeDain, 1973.
    Classic. Ice climb on the South Face through Diamond Glacier to Gate of Mists.
    McInder's route (South East Face). Rock, IV D-/nccs IV 5.7+; III+/IV-, mostly III; 300m/20 pitches), 5h to Nelion, round trip to Batian additional 3h. 1929-01-01First ascentE. Shipton & P. Wyn Harris, 1929.
    Normal route. Most of the climbing is I/II, with pitches of III+/IV-. Traverse to Batian via Gate of Mists up to III+ and steep snow. First Ascent by in 1929. .
    West side
    West Ridge. D-; V-; 350m from Firmin Col, 9h. 1930-01-01First ascentE.E.Shipton, H.W.Tilman, 1930.
    Rarely climbed route that is reputed to be the finest on Mount Kenya.
Mount Kenya (Lenana Peak)-0.15537.31754985
1900-01-01
Event
    F.
Mount Meru
Mount Meru (Socialist Pk)-3.24416736.754566
1904-12-01
Mount Meru, ,
First ascent
Fritz Jäger, Carl Uhlig, porters
T4.
Mount Elgon
Mount Elgon (Wagagai)1.11833334.5263894321
1911-12-14
Mount Elgon, ,
First ascent
Robert Stigler, Richard Storch, Rudolf Kmunke, Ugandan guides and carriers

Surrounding Western Rift Valley

Rwenzori
Ngaliema (Mount Stanley, Margherita Peak)0.38555629.87255109
The highest summit of the Ruwenzori Range in East Africa and the third highest in Africa (after Mounts Kilimanjaro and Kenya). Margherita Peak is the highest peak on Mount Stanley. It rises to 5119m) between Lake Albert (Lake Mobutu Sese Seko) to the north and Lake Edward to the south on the Congo (Kinshasa)–Uganda border.
1906-06-18
Ngaliema, from Stanley ice plateau via Alexandria,
First ascent
from Stanley ice plateau via Alexandria: Joseph Petigax, César Ollier, Joseph Brocherel, Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi
    from Stanley ice plateau via Alexandria. IV PD/AD; 350m. 1906-06-18First ascentJoseph Petigax, César Ollier, Joseph Brocherel, Luigi Amedeo, Duke of the Abruzzi, 1906-06-18.
Ngaliema (Mount Stanley, Savoia Peak)0.37388929.8761114977
1900-01-01
Event
    Duwoni (Mount Speke, Vittorio Emanuele Peak)0.39805629.89254890
    1906-01-01
    Duwoni, ,
    First ascent
    Duke of the Abruzzi
    Kiyanja (Mount Baker, Edward Pk)0.36111129.8927784844
    1906-06-10
    Kiyanja, ,
    First ascent
    Duke of Abruzzi, Joseph Petigax, Cesar Ollier & Josef Brocherel
    Virunga Mountains
    Karisimbi-1.50611129.4502784507
    1903-01-01
    Karisimbi, ,
    First ascent
    Father Barthélémy
    Mikeno-1.46305629.4197224437
    1927-07-25
    Mikeno, ,
    First ascent
    Fathers Van Hoef and Depluit, Mr Leonard, Mrs Leonard

    Southern Africa

    Cape Town

    Table Mountain-33.95731418.4031081087
    Located close to Cape Town. Extremely popular climbing peak. There are hundreds of routes.
    1503-01-01
    Table Mountain, ,
    First ascent
    António de Saldanha

    Madagascar and surrounding islands

    Piton des Neiges-21.09917855.4798473069
    T2.